Environmental fragility based on the spatial distribution of soil resistance for the en-vironmental protection area (EPA) of Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Fernando de Alvarenga Yoshida, Rubismar Stolf


Effective soil management requires an understanding of the physical, chemical and spatial distribution features of soil. Based on the spatial distribution of soil resistance to mechanical penetration, this study sought to construct an environmental fragility index of this resistance and apply it to an environmental fragility map of the Environmental Protection Area (EPA) of Botucatu, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Methodologies consisting of an empirical analysis of the environment, geostatistics, a multi-criteria decision analysis and algebraic maps were used. Measurements of soil resistance to mechanical penetration, sloping, soil type and land use were integrated into an environmental fragility map. The results showed that 32.5% of the sample area fell into the low fragility categories and 67.57%, into the middling and very high fragility categories. Our conclusion was that soil resistance to mechanical penetration, which is a natural feature found in various types of soils, can therefore be included as one of the criteria in a fragility analysis. We found evidence suggesting that soil resistance to mechanical penetration has a direct relationship with sloping and land use, namely, in cases where different types of use and their management exert change on the soil’s natural resistance to the extent of rendering it fragile.


Soil compaction. Geoestatistic. Multi-criteria decision analysis. Environmental assessment.

Texto completo:

PDF (English)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.14295/holos.v19i3.12316

Creative Commons License
HOLOS ENVIRONMENT, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil - - - eISSN (eletrônico): 1519-8634 - - - está licenciada sob Licença Creative Commons

> > > > >

Filiado ao Portal de Periódicos CAPES

Filiada à Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos a partir de 2010


Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia